The most populous country with the one of fastest growing economies in the world, China faces pressing environmental issues brought on by its rapid urbanization, industrial expansion and energy consumption. Emphasis has been made by the government to adopt climate change and energy measures in recent policies to address these issues. In order to help China achieve its 2010 commitment to reduce its carbon intensity by 40% and to realise a 15% share of non-fossil fuels in energy consumption by 2020, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) announced a partnership with China’s cities to implement its Low Carbon City Initiative (LCCI) project. In 2008 Shanghai became one of the first two Chinese cities to join the LCCI project. The project sets its objective on green city development through energy efficiency, renewable energy and technologies that reduce carbon emissions.